Cancer Cells Impair Blood Flow in Metastatic Lymph Nodes

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Researchers from Tohoku University Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering have discovered that the absence of small blood vessels in tumors may be the cause of impaired perfusion in non-enlarged, early-stage metastatic lymph nodes (LNs).

Metastases in the LNs influences cancer staging and treatment planning, and their detection is correlated with an increased risk of recurrence and mortality. The most reliable sign of early-stage, non-enlarged LN metastasis is when perfusion shows defects, something detectable by CT scans, MRIs and ultrasound imaging devices.

To make their breakthrough, professor Tetsuya Kodama and his research group from Tohoku injected cancer cells into mice bearing LNs of similar size to humans (about 10 mm). LNs injected with the cancer cells metastasized to connected LNs, where the researchers carefully tracked the cancer’s progression using contrast-enhanced high-frequency ultrasound and micro-CT imaging.

“We found that tumors forming with few micro-blood vessels are associated with defective perfusion,” said Kodama. “The finding could explain the low efficiency of systemic chemotherapy for metastatic LNs.

Their study also highlighted the importance of improving the spatial and density resolution of diagnostic imaging equipment to better improve the diagnosis and detection of LN metastasis, thereby curbing cancer-related mortality.”

The research paper was published in the journal Clinical & Experimental Metastasis.

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Cancer Cells Impair Blood Flow in Metastatic Lymph Nodes.  Appl Rad Oncol. 

By News Release| November 05, 2021

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